Today women have an array of contraceptive options. Hormonal contraception is available in pills, patches, injectables, implants, barrier methods and vaginal rings. They are all highly effective, help with controlling the flow and pain associated with the menstrual cycle and also improves acne. The risks of hormonal contraceptives include elevated blood pressure and blood clots. Your gyn provider can determine if you are at increased risk.
Modern intrauterine devices are rapidly gaining in popularity. Mirena is an intrauterine contraceptive that delivers small amounts of hormone directly into the uterus. This results in scant to absent menses in many women. It is a great option if you have difficulty taking an oral contraceptive, are breast feeding or have excessive bleeding with your periods.
Barrier methods include condoms and diaphragms. It is recommended that you use a spermicidal with these methods to improve their effectiveness.
Permanent sterilization is available for men and women. Tubal ligation is a surgical procedure where a woman has an incision on her abdomen to allow access to the fallopian tubes which are then burned, banded, clipped or cut. Essure is a more modern technique for sterilization that has an excellent success rate. Most patients can have the Essure procedure in the office under local anesthetic. A camera is used through the cervix to visualize the fallopian tubes. Small coils are then inserted into both tubes that result in scarring which obliterates the tube. An x-ray is performed 3 months later to insure that the tubes have been completely occluded.
Natural family planning allows for a woman to observe the clues her body gives as to the timing of ovulation. When fertile, couples must abstain from intercourse in order to prevent pregnancy.
Whatever your situation, we're confident that we can help you choose the right method for you and your partner.